ENGINEERING GEOLOGY : ROCK AND SOIL

Jun 30th, 2015
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And so geology, once considered mostly a descriptive and historical science, has in recent years taken on the aspect of an applied science. Instead of being largely speculative as perhaps it used to be, geology has become factual, quantitative, and immensely practical.

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ENGINEERING GEOLOGYAnd so geology, once considered mostly a descriptive and historical science, has in recent years taken on the aspect of an applied science. Instead of being largely speculative as perhaps it used to be, geology has become factual, quantitative, and immensely practical. It became so first in mining as an aid in the search for metals; then in the recovery of fuels and the search for oil; and now in engineering of mans structure to natures limitations and for greater in public works. (Charles P. Berkey, Pioneer Engineering Geology, 1939)Geology is the science of rocks, minerals, soils, and subsurface water, including the study of their formation, structure, and behavior. As the quotation above indicate, geology was once confined to purely academic studies, but it has since expanded into a practical science as well. Engineering geology in the branch that deals with the application of geologic principles to engineering works.Unlike geotechnical engineers, whose training is in civil engineering, engineering geologist have a background in geology. Their work includes mapping, describing, and characterizing the rock at a construction site; assessing stability issues, such as landslides; and appraising local seismicity and earthquake potentials. These two professions are complementary, and work together as a team. Nevertheless, it is important for the geologist to have some understanding of engineering, and the engineer to have some understanding of geol

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