geology of pakistan

Jun 30th, 2015
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LOCATION : Area A comprises three blocks lying along the southern margin of the Potwar Plateau and the Salt Range of the Punjab Province. The majority of the area lies at over 300m above sea level, rising to over 600m in places. Both road and rail access exists within the block, linking the towns of Kallar Kahar and Chakwal to Rawalpindi, Sargodha

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AREA A - POTWAR BASINLOCATIONArea A comprises three blocks lying along the southern margin of the Potwar Plateau and the Salt Range of the Punjab Province. The majority of the area lies at over 300m above sea level, rising to over 600m in places. Both road and rail access exists within the block, linking the towns of Kallar Kahar and Chakwal to Rawalpindi, Sargodha and Mianwali.GEOLOGICAL SETTINGThe Potwar Plateau and the Salt Range are part of the Himalayan foreland fold-and -thrust belt, a product of ongoing collision between Eurasian and Indo-Pakistani Plates. The Potwar Plateau is a large depression thrusted southward over the northwesterly dipping flank of the Sargodha High, along a basal decollement in the Eocambrian evaporite sequence of the Salt Range Formation. In the western and central Salt Range / Potwar Plateau, deformation primarily consists of southward verging thrusting along the main Salt Range thrust whilst in the eastern Salt Range / Potwar Plateau, thrusting and crustal shortening has given rise to intense folding and complex imbrication.STRATIGRAPHYThe evaporite sequence of the Eocambrain Salt Range Formation unconformably overlies the Pre-Cambrian metamorphic basement of the Indo-Pakistani Plate. Shallow marine sediments of the Cambrian to Eocene age overlie the Salt Range Formation with major unconformities at the base of the Permian and the Paleocene. Thick Neogene non-marine molasse sediments represents the erosional products of the southward a

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