Geology of Nigeria

Jun 30th, 2015
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Geology, the study of rocks, minerals and the physical make-up of the solid earth, determines the environment and natural resources and, thence also, the industrial potentials and wealth of a nation. After climate, geological factors exert, perhaps, the greatest impact on economic activities, since soils, water supply and vegetation are, to a large extent

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Geological BackgroundToday: Tuesday, June 15, 2010ByS. W. PetersINTRODUCTIONGeology, the study of rocks, minerals and the physical make-up of the solid earth, determines the environment and natural resources and, thence also, the industrial potentials and wealth of a nation. After climate, geological factors exert, perhaps, the greatest impact on economic activities, since soils, water supply and vegetation are, to a large extent, influenced by the nature of the underlying bedrock.The vast ocean margin that borders Nigeria to the south; the intricate drainage systems that sculpture the physical landscape; the mountainous eastern frontiers; and the wind-swept northern hinterland, with the great plains on the Saharan fringe, are all part of the sur- face geological features that bestow upon Nigeria its unique physical attributes.It could, perhaps, perplex the ordinary mind that, whereas Nigeria exhibits bewildering cultural diversity, the landscape is a continuum in a seamless physical web that unites the physical entity termed Nigeria, regardless of political differences, which are mere human artifact.For example, the Niger-Benue drainage system, which has, over the long geological period of 55 million years, supplied sediments from the Nigerian hinterland for the construction of the petroleum-rich Niger Delta on the coast, has demonstrated the long-term impact of unifying geological processes in a nation with diver- gent human interests. Economic self-sufficiency

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