The Saturated Hydrocarbons: Alkanes and Cycloalkanes

Jun 30th, 2015
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Organic chemistry is the study of carbon containing compounds. The Swedish chemist Jon Jakob Berzelius coined the term organic in 1807 by. In 1828 a 27-year-old German physician, Friedrich Wohler, synthesized the organic molecule urea, (NH2)2C=O, from inorganic starting materials (potassium sulfate, K2SO4 and ammonium cyanate, NH4NCO).

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The Saturated Hydrocarbons: Alkanes and CycloalkanesOrganic chemistry is the study of carbon containing compounds. The Swedish chemist Jon Jakob Berzelius coined the term organic in 1807 by. In 1828 a 27-year-old German physician, Friedrich Wohler, synthesized the organic molecule urea, (NH2)2C=O, from inorganic starting materials (potassium sulfate, K2SO4and ammonium cyanate, NH4NCO).There are three allotropic forms of elemental carbon: graphite, diamond, and buckministerfullerene. Allotropes are forms of an element that have the same physical state but different properties. (e.g., oxygen has two allotropic forms O2and O3.)Why are there so many carbon containing compounds? 1. Carbon can form stable, covalent bonds with other carbon atoms (catenate). 2. Carbon can form stable bonds with other elements. 3. Carbon can form double and triple bonds with other carbon atoms or other elements. 4. Carbon can bond with itself either as straight chains or cyclic compounds with branching possible in either case.Two different organic compounds can also have the same number of carbon atoms. These are called isomers. Isomers are molecules that have the same molecular formulas but different structures and thus different physical and chemical characteristics. An example of isomerism is butane and 2-methylpropane. Both have the same molecular formula, C4H10, but differing physical and chemical properties.Contrasts Between Orga

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