Geology Notes

Jun 30th, 2015
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Geology (in Greek, Geo means Earth, Logos means Science) is a branch of science dealing with the study of the Earth. It is also known as earth science. The study of the earth comprises of the whole earth, its origin, structure, composition and history (including the development of life) and the nature of the processes.

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UNIT - IINTRODUCTION TO GEOLOGYGeology (in Greek, Geo means Earth, Logos means Science) is a branch of science dealing withthe study of the Earth. It is also known as earth science. The study of the earth comprises of thewhole earth, its origin, structure, composition and history (including the development of life)and the nature of the processes.DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF GEOLOGYFor studying the earth in detail, the subject of Geology has been divided into various branchesas follows:1. Physical Geology2. Crystallography3. Mining Geology4. Mineralogy5. Paleontology6. Petrology7. Hydrology8. Structural Geology9. Indian Geology10. Stratigraphy11. Civil Engineering Geology12. Resources Engineering13. Photo Geology14. Historical Geology15. Economic GeologySCOPE OF GEOLOGYEngineering Geology: A well established interdisciplinary branch of Science and Engineering hasa scope in different fields as outlined below:a) In Civil Engineering: Geology provides necessary information about the site ofconstruction materials used in the construction of buildings, dams, tunnels, tanks,reservoirs, highways and bridges. Geological information is most important in planningstage, design phase and construction phase of an engineering project.b) In Mining Engineering: Geology is useful to know the method of mining of rock andmineral deposits on earths surface and subsurface.c) In Ground Water: Resources development geology is applied in various aspects ofresour

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