How geology affected both ancient and modern human settlements

Jun 30th, 2015
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Geology has a remarkable influence on our lives today, as it has on all life since the beginning billions of years ago. Perhaps the clearest influence we see of this is through the development of wealth from the exploitation of fossil fuels and mineral resources, including precious metals and gems.

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How geology affected both ancient and modern human settlements. ByDr. Nitish PriyadarshiGeologistnitish.priyadarshi@gmail.comGeology has a remarkable influence on our lives today, as it has on all life since the beginning billions of years ago. Perhaps the clearest influence we see of this is through the development of wealth from the exploitation of fossil fuels and mineral resources, including precious metals and gems. Wars have been fought over (and with) these resources, and for the potential wealth they represent. However, geology has other profound, if less glamorous, impacts on civilization, both past and present. For example, the productivity of soils critically depends on the underlying geologyboth for its mineral composition and its capacity to store water. Geology also determines the shape of our landscapesthat is, before being disturbed by humansand it is the shape of the land that has determined the distribution of human populations throughout our history.Back at the dawn of human civilization when we lived along the Nile, the river regularly flooded and would bring nutrients and minerals back to the croplands. That is what sustained early human civilization. The dawn of agriculture was dependent on the flooding of a river. Had that river not flooded and that land been farmed over and over again from generation to generation, the civilization there would have died due to malnutrition. It could not have sustained itself. The origin of urb

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