Geology of Nepal

Jun 30th, 2015
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The Himalayan Range is a young mountain system of world. It is a broad continuous arc along the northern fringes of the Indian subcontinent, from the bend of the Indus River in the northwest to the Brahmaputra River in the east. The Himalayan mountain chain extends in an east-west direction between the wide plains of the Indus and Bramhaputra

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Geology of NepalRanjan Kumar Dahal, PhDDepartment of Geology, Tribhuvan University, Ghantaghar, Kathmandu, NepalPlease use this information extensively, but I request to acknowledge the source.For Citation, use this line:Dahal R.K., 2006, Geology of Nepal, published in personal home page www.ranjan.net.np.Himalayain briefThe Himalayan Range is a young mountain system of world. It is a broad continuous arc along the northern fringes of the Indian subcontinent, from the bend of the Indus River in the northwest to the Brahmaputra River in the east. The Himalayan mountain chain extends in an east-west direction between the wide plains of the Indus and Bramhaputra in the south and the vast expanse of the high Tibetan Plateau in the north. The limit of the Himalayas in the east and west is marked by the eastern and western arc of Himalayan bends. Between these bends the Himalayan range is approximately 2400 km long and 200 km to 300 km wide. The Himalayas cover an area of approximately 600,000 sq. km in south Asia.Himalayawas formed by the collision of the Indian Plate with Tibetan (Eurasian) Plate around 55 millions years ago (Fig 1.1). Many scientists believe that at that time the northward moving Indian plate first touched the southern edge of Tibetan (Eurasian) plate.Fig 1.1, Collision of Indian plate with Tibetan plate and formation of Himalaya (modified after USGS, 1999)The mountain building (orogenic) process continues from the collision and the mountain is sti

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