Which psychosocial factors moderate or directly affect substance use among inner-city adolescents?

Jun 30th, 2015
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Past etiology of adolescent substance use research concentrated on the main effects of various risk factors. The purpose of this study was to also longitudinally predict interactions on poly-drug use intensity and future smoking among inner-city adolescents. A panel sample of baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-ups (N=1459) from the control group of a longitudinal smoking prevention trial participated.

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Addictive Behaviors 32 (2007) 700 713Which psychosocial factors moderate or directly affect substanceuse among inner-city adolescents?Jennifer A. Epstein , Heejung Bang, Gilbert J. BotvinInstitute for Prevention Research, Department of Public Health, Cornell University, Weill Medical College,411 East 69th Street, New York, NY 10021, United StatesAbstractPast etiology of adolescent substance use research concentrated on the main effects of various risk factors. Thepurpose of this study was to also longitudinally predict interactions on poly-drug use intensity and future smokingamong inner-city adolescents. A panel sample of baseline, 1-year and 2-year follow-ups (N = 1459) from the controlgroup of a longitudinal smoking prevention trial participated. We focused on the main effects, as well as, interactioneffects between psychosocial protective factors and various risk factors, including perceived norms of friends, peers andadults to use drugs. Significant effects were identified for intensity of poly-drug use and future smoking. The analysis ofthe poly-drug use outcome indicated that refusal assertiveness undermined perceived friends' drug use and siblings'smoking, and that low risk-taking undermined perceived friends' drug use. There was a main effect for lowpsychological wellness. The significant interactions between perceived friends' drug use with refusal assertiveness anddecision-making skills were observed for future smoking. Moreover, perceived

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