Definition and Branches of Biotechnology

Jun 30th, 2015
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Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. It also includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies

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BiotechnologyBiotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. It also includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologiesSome branches of biotechnologyBioinformatics/Computational BiologyBlue BiotechnologyGreen BiotechnologyRed BiotechnologyWhite BiotechnologyApplications of BiotechMedicinePharmacogenomicsPharmaceutical ProductsGenetic TestingGene TherapyHuman Genome ProjectCloningAgricultureCrop yieldReduced vulnerability of crops to environmental stressesIncreased nutritional qualitiesImproved taste, texture or appearance of foodReduced dependence on fertilizers, pesticides and other agrochemicalsProduction of novel substances in crop plantsIndustrialBioleachingProduction of beer and other food productsBioremediationBiological engineeringGene TherapyGT may be used for treating, or even curing, genetic and acquired diseases like cancer and AIDS by using normal genes to supplement or replace defective genes or to bolster a normal function such as immunityTwo ways of implementing gene therapyEx

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