ECONOMIC GEOLOGY : Classification and types of Ore deposits

Jun 30th, 2015
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The subject of economic geology deals principally with the mode of occurrence, distribution, origin, classification and association of all minerals and rocks of economic importance and systematic studies in this direction are scheduled to lead to the discovery of new deposits and further extension of the exsisting ones.

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ECONOMIC GEOLOGYThe subject of economic geology deals principally with the mode of occurrence, distribution, origin, classification and association of all minerals and rocks of economic importance and systematic studies in this direction are scheduled to lead to the discovery of new deposits and further extension of the exsisting ones. Georgius Agricola formulated a solid base for modern theories of ore deposits in the sixteenth century considered as father of economic geology. He wrote many treatises on geology and mining, most pioneering of his works is De Re Metallica (1556). Present day fundamentals of ore deposits bear the stamp of his influence.Classification and types of Ore depositsA mineral deposit (or an ore deposit) may be defined as a rock body that contains one or more elements (or minerals) sufficiently above the average crustal abundance to have potential economic value. The mineral deposit can be broadly categorised into 1) metallic ore mineral deposit from which one or more metal can be extracted and 2) non-metallic or industrial mineral deposits.Geologists classify mineral deposits in many different ways, according to the:1) Commodity being mined2) Tectonic setting in which the deposit occurs3) Geological setting of the mineral deposit4) Genetic model for the origin of the ore depositScope:Scope of this subject is vast and includes the study of metalliferous ores of iron, manganese, copper, gold etc and non-metalliferous deposits of

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