Fear and Anxiety

Jun 30th, 2015
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Everyone has felt a little anxious at one time or another. It may have been when you were dealing with issues of work, school, or relationships with family, friends, or significant others. You may also have felt fear about something in particular.

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California State University, NorthridgeFear and AnxietyByCarissa Kelvens(spring 1997)Everyone has felt a little anxious at one time or another. It may have been when you were dealing with issues of work, school, or relationships with family, friends, or significant others. You may also have felt fear about something in particular. For example, fear of heights, closed spaces, or spiders. In the field of psychology there are several different theories of the motivation of fear and anxiety. The cognitive, biological, and learning perspectives on the motivation of fear and anxiety will be discussed.There is an overall basic distinction between fear and anxiety. Anxiety is a vague unpleasant emotional state with qualities of apprehension, dread, distress, and uneasiness. In addition it is objectless. Fear is similar to anxiety except that fear has a specific object. When some optimal level of stimulation or arousal is exceeded, one experiences anxiety. It can be an adaptive healthy response or a debilitating one. In the latter case mentioned, one may lose a large measure of ability to think, act, and perform. Anxiety is manifested in three ways: in a person's thoughts (cognitively), in a person's actions (behaviourally), and in physiological reactions.Biological PerspectiveAccording to the biological perspective, there are three basic conditions which elicit anxiety: overstimulation, cognitive incongruity, and response unavailability. Overstimulation refers to when

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