What is Sociology

Jun 30th, 2015
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Sociology as coined by Auguste Comte comprises of two terms Society and Logos (Study), so it means a reasoned study of society. As a scientific and reasoned study of society, sociology encompasses almost each and every sphere of life of a human being because most of the activities of a human being are conducted in groups.

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Scope of the Subject Sociology as coined by Auguste Comte comprises of two terms Society and Logos (Study), so it means a reasoned study of society. As a scientific and reasoned study of society, sociology encompasses almost each and every sphere of life of a human being because most of the activities of a human being are conducted in groups. From the mundane act of cooking by a house wife to the highly sophisticated act of experimenting at International Space Station by an astronaut can be studied under sociology. Former act can be studied from various sociological viewpoints such as sexual division of labour, functions of a family, eating habits of a particular community, effect of social stratification on nutritional intake of a family and so on. While the latter act can be studied from the vantage point of group behavior of an individual under extreme circumstances, norms guiding the scientific acts, social cohesion among highly rational individuals and many more. Above examples show that scope of sociology is limited only by the limitations of human thought. Although Sociology is a highly general and exhaustive subject but its approach is qualified by a certain specificity. Sociology sees the phenomena from a societal point of view. A sociologist concentrates on those aspects of a phenomenon which helps him to explain it as a social phenomenon. He doesnt wander into the specific descriptive and explanat

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