Gains of Biotechnology

Apr 5th, 2015
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Name: Curtis Okemwa OkeigaReg No: Btmb/059J/2012Title: Assignment 2: Application Of Biotechnology In ForestryCourse: Industrial Microbiology and BiotechnologyUnit: Cell, Tissue and Organ CultureDate: 5/12/14APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY IN FORESTRYHow Biotechnology can reduce the Impact on Natural Forests Today, managed tree plantations provide only about a third of the world's need for wood and wood products. The remainder comes from other sources, including natural forests. Clearly, if tree plantations produce more, less will be needed from natural forests. For example, loblolly pine-the major pulp species in the southeast United States-has a rotation of about 25 years. A 5-year reduction in time to harvest would have a tremendous impact over time on total cellulose production per acre. Genetic research, including biotechnology, holds promise to produce faster-growing trees and to increase the cellulose content of individual trees. Eucalyptus, another major source of pulp for paper manufacture, has been manipulated to grow faster through advancements in tree biotechnology. In the Pacific Northwest, by crossing the eastern cottonwood with the region's indigenous black cottonwood, University of Washington scientists have attained yields five to ten times greater than from trees in the wild. Oregon State University has produced poplar trees capable of reaching 60 feet in height in 6years. Biotechnology can also reduce threats

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