philosophy_report.docx

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II. Ethical Relativism: the prescriptive view that (1) different groups of people ought to have different ethical standards for evaluating acts as right or wrong, (2) these different beliefs are true in their respective societies, and (3) these different beliefs are not instances of a basic moral principle.

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II.Ethical Relativism: the prescriptive view that (1) different groups of people ought to have different ethical standards for evaluating acts as right or wrong, (2) these different beliefs are true in their respective societies, and (3) these different beliefs are not instances of a basic moral principle.A. The ethical relativist often derives support for his position by two basic mistakes:1. The relativist confuses cultural (or sociological) relativism with ethical relativism, but cultural relativism is a descriptive view and ethical relativism is a prescriptive view. (E.g., cultural relativismdescribesthe way the way peopleactuallybehave, and ethical relativismprescribesthe way peopleoughtto behave.2. The ethical relativist often argues as follows:An absolute ethical standard has never been proved beyond doubt in the history of thought.Thus, an absolute ethical standard does not exist.a. This argument is an instancead ignorantiamfallacy.pis unproved.not-pis true.From the fact that a statement has not been proved, we can logically draw no conclusion.B.Objections to ethical relativism.1.The Differing Ideals Objection(or, as it is sometimes called, the linguistic objection): it is inconsistent to say that the same practice is considered right in one society and considered wrong in another. (If "right" and

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