Bronchilitis infection

Apr 8th, 2015
Studypool Tutor
Price: $20 USD

Tutor description

Study guide on Bronchilitis infection

Word Count: 1109
Showing Page: 1/12
BRONCHIOLITISDefinition: Bronchiolitis is an acute, infectious, inflammatory disease of theupper and lower respiratory tract that results in obstruction ofthe small airways. The definition for most clinical studies is the first episode ofwheezing in a child younger than 12 to 24 months who hasphysical findings of a viral infection and has no otherexplanation for the wheezing, such as pneumonia or atopy The broader definition is a wheezing illness due to primaryinfection or reinfection with a viral or bacterial pathogen,resulting in inflammation of the small airways or bronchioles.Etiology: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause; lesscommon causes include rhinovirus, parainfluenza virus, influenzavirus, human metapneumovirus, coronavirus, and humanbocavirus (discovered in 2005). RSV causes 20-40% of all cases and 44% of cases involvingchildren younger than 2 years. Parainfluenza virus causes 10-30% of all bronchiolitis cases. Adenovirus accounts for 5-10% of cases of bronchiolitis. Influenza virus accounts for 10-20% of cases of bronchiolitis. Mycoplasma pneumoniae accounts for 5-15% of cases ofbronchiolitis, particularly among older children and adults. Two respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) subtypes, A and B, havebeen identified, with subtype A causing most severe infections. The disease is highly contagious. Viral shedding in nasal secretions continues for 6-21 days afterdevelopment of symp

Review from student

Studypool Student
" Solid work, thanks. "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1824 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors