Biocomputers use systems of biologically derived molecules,

Jul 7th, 2015
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California State University - Bakersfield
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Biocomputers use systems of biologically derived molecules, such as DNA and proteins, to perform computational calculations involving storing, retrieving, and processing data. The development of biocomputers has been made possible by the expanding new science of nanobiotechnology. The term nanobiotechnology can be defined in multiple ways; in a more general sense, nanobiotechnology can be defined as any type of technology that uses both nano-scale materials, i.e. materials having characteristic dimensions of 1-100 nanometers, as well as biologically based materials (34).4

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Contents1Scientific Background1.1Biochemical Computers1.2Biomechanical Computers1.3Bioelectronic Computers2Engineering Biocomputers3Economical Benefit of Biocomputers4Notable Advancements in Biocomputer Technology5Future Potential of BiocomputersBiocomputersBiocomputersuse systems of biologically derived molecules, such asDNAandproteins, to perform computationalcalculationsinvolving storing, retrieving, and processingdata.The development of biocomputers has been made possible by the expanding new science ofnanobiotechnology. The term nanobiotechnology can be defined in multiple ways; in a more general sense, nanobiotechnology can be defined as any type of technology that uses both nano-scale materials, i.e. materials having characteristic dimensions of 1-100nanometers, as well as biologically based materials (34).4A more restrictive definition views nanobiotechnology more specifically as the design and engineering of proteins that can then be assembled into larger, functional structures (116-117) (9).,1The implementation of nanobiotechnology, as defined in this narrower sense, provides scientists with the ability to engineerbiomolecularsystems specifically so that they interact in a fashion that can ultimately result in the computational functionality of acomputer.Scientific BackgroundBiocomputers use biologically derived materials to perform computational functions. A biocomputer consists of a pathw

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