Management Theories

Jul 7th, 2015
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One of the first approaches to the study of management Several individuals helped establish scientific management, - Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Henry Gantt, and Harrington Emerson Frederick W. Taylor is most closely identified with this approach. he became aware of a phenomenon he called soldiering the practice of working considerably slower than one can.

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Management Theories1. Scientific ManagementOne of the first approaches to the study of managementSeveral individuals helped establish scientific management, - Frank andLillian Gilbreth, Henry Gantt, and Harrington EmersonFrederick W. Taylor is most closely identified with this approach.he became aware of a phenomenon he called soldieringthe practice of working considerably slower than one can.developed a standardized method for performing each one.He also installed a piece-rate pay system in which each workers was paidfor the amount of work s/he completed during the work dayTaylor spent several years working as a management consultant forindustrial firms.he developed several efficient techniques for loading and unloading rail carshe redesigned jobs, introduced rest breaks to combat fatigueHis book entitled Principles of Scientific Management, published in 1911was greeted with enthusiasm by practicing managers, and quickly became astandard reference.Taylor- the manager is supposed to play the roles of planner and coordinator.in support of piece rate pay system his belief was that all employees areeconomically motivatedhe assumed that monetary rewards were the primary incentive managerscould use to motivate workers to achieve higher level of output.It facilitated job specialization and mass production,critics, however. Labour opposed scientific management because of its

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