science as a type of knowledge

Jul 7th, 2015
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Minot State University
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Since classical antiquity science as a type of knowledge was closely linked to philosophy, the way of life dedicated to discovering such knowledge. And into early modern times the two words were sometimes used interchangeably in the English language. By the 17th century,[6] "natural philosophy" (which is today called "natural science") could be considered separately from "philosophy" in general.[7] But "science" continued to also be used in a broad sense denoting reliable knowledge about a topic, in the same way it is still used in modern terms such as library science, political science, and computer science.

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Science(from theLatinscientia, meaning "knowledge") is an enterprise that builds and organizesknowledgein the form of testableexplanationsandpredictionsabout thenatural world.[1][2][3][4]According toAristotle, science is also the resulting body of reliable knowledge that can be logically and convincingly explained (see"History and etymology" sectionbelow).[5]Sinceclassical antiquityscience as a type of knowledge was closely linked tophilosophy, the way of life dedicated to discovering such knowledge. And into earlymodern timesthe two words were sometimes used interchangeably in theEnglish language. By the 17th century,[6]"natural philosophy" (which is today called "natural science") could be considered separately from "philosophy" in general.[7]But "science" continued to also be used in a broad sense denoting reliable knowledge about a topic, in the same way it is still used in modern terms such aslibrary science,political science, andcomputer science.The more narrow sense of "science" which is common today, developed as a part of science became a distinct enterprise of defining "laws of nature", based on early examples such asKepler's laws,Galileo's laws, andNewton'slaws of motion. In this period it became more common to refer to natural philosophy as "natural science". Over the course of the 19th century, the word "science" became increasingly strongly associated with the disciplined study of the natural world, for

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