Medical Robotics – A Survey

Jul 8th, 2015
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The da Vinci System consists of a surgeon’s console that is typically in the same room as the patient and a patient-side cart with four interactive robotic arms controlled from the console. Three of the arms are for tools that hold objects, act as a scalpel, scissors, bovie, or unipolar or bipolar electrocautery instruments.

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Medical Robotics A SurveyThe da Vinci System consists of a surgeons console that is typically in the same room as the patient and a patient-side cart with four interactive robotic arms controlled from the console. Three of the arms are for tools that hold objects, act as ascalpel, scissors,bovie, or unipolar or bipolarelectrocauteryinstruments. The fourth arm is for anendoscopiccamera with two lenses that gives the surgeon fullstereoscopic visionfrom the console. The surgeon sits at the console and looks through two eye holes at a 3-D image of the procedure, meanwhile maneuvering the arms with two foot pedals and two hand controllers. The da Vinci System scales, filters and translates the surgeon's hand movements into more precise micro-movements of the instruments, which operate through small incisions in the body.According to the manufacturer, the da Vinci System is called "da Vinci" in part "becauseLeonardo da Vinciinvented the firstrobot", (seeMario Taddei) and also because he used anatomical accuracy and three-dimensional details to bring his works to life.[5]To perform a procedure, the surgeon uses the consoles master controls to maneuver the patient-side carts three or four robotic arms (depending on the model), which secures the instruments and a high-resolution endoscopic camera. The instruments jointed-wrist design exceeds the natural range of motion of the human hand; motion scaling and tremor reduction further interpret

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