Genetic Vocabulary

Apr 15th, 2015
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Duke University
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Vocabulary in genetic with pictures

Word Count: 1099
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1. Chromosome the threadlike structures in the nucleus that carry genetic information2. Gene the fundamental unit of heredity3. Homologous Chromosomes chromosomes that physically associate (pair) during meiosis. Homologous chromosomes have identical gene loci.4. Gametes unfertilized germ cells5. Haploid the condition in which each chromosome is represented once in an unpaired condition6.Diploid the condition in which each chromosome is represented twice as a member of ahomologous pair.7. Zygote the fertilized egg that develops into a new individual8. Mitosis form of cell division that produces two cells, each of which has the same complement ofchromosomes as the parent cell9. Meiosis the process of cell division during which one cycle of chromosomal replication is followed bytwo successive cell divisions to produce four haploid cell.10. Crossing over also called recombination, this occurs during Prophase I of Meiosis and it is when non-sister chromatids exchange regions of DNA.11. Genetics the scientific study of heredity12. Heredity it is the passing of phenotypic traits from parents to their offspring.13. Trait any observable property of an organism14. Hybrid is mix of two plants or animals of different genera breeds, varieties or species 15. Allele a type or version of a gene16. Dominant This is an allele of a gene which shows its trait in a heterozygous organism17. Recessive This

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