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Civil WarUnionLincoln-1st Republican PresidentUlysses S. Grant-Commanding General in the Western Theatre. Became Commanding General of the Army later in the WarWilliam T. Sherman-Union General waged total war on the South burning every major Southern City he conquered brining the South to its kneesConfederacy:Jefferson Davis-president of the ConfederacyRobert E. Lee-Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. Won several early victories but did not have the manpower to sustain his momentumThomas "Stonewall" Jackson-Corps Commander of Northern Army of Virginia. Historian consider him one of the most gifted tacticians in Military HistoryNorthern Advantages:More railway lines-quicker movement of troops and suppliesFactories-producing guns, ammo, cannons, and other military suppliesEstablished government and a standing militaryLarge population to fill the ranks and factoriesSouthern Advantages: Better military leadershipWith smaller population wanted to force a war of attrition-use knowledge gained from Revolutionary WarMotivation-fighting for the homeland and their way of lifeFort Sumter:Lincoln wanted to resupply without causing war (send only food and medical supplies) South Carolina replied evacuate all troops from military bases in the confederate states immediatelyMaj. Robert Anderson refuses to surrender, Confederate batteries at Ft. Johnson open fire on April 12, 1861No casualties reported, after 36 hours the Maj. Anderson surrendersBlockade & A

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