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Cold War & Postwar SocietyBeginnings:Conflict and distrust between Soviets and Western Allies, especially the USWestern Allies believed they should not occupy territory they had liberated during WWIISoviet Union believe they were justified in taking over territories because they had suffered so much more losses and damagereasoned that the territories would act as a buffer against invasion and the WestStalin established communist regimes in Poland and East Germany dividing Democratic West from the Communist EastThose nations under Soviet control were referred to as Satellite NationsWinston Churchill referred to the Communist area as an iron curtain dividing the east from the westiron curtain became the defining line between Democracy and Communism in EuropeUS Policy:George Kennan recommended a policy called containmentEastern Europe had fallen into Communism and goal should be to prevent the spread of it elsewhereTruman backed this with the Truman Doctrinethe US would not hesitate to aid nations overseas to resist the spread of communismMarshall Planwas added to provide nations in war-torn Europe with financial aid to help ease the suffering and revive the countries to keep them from turning to CommunismIt worked with great success and Marshall would win the Nobel Peace Prize for his effortsGermany:Germany divided into multiple sectorsUS, British, France, & RussianBerlin was divided between Soviets and AmericansWestern Allies viewed occupat

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