Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation in Special Education

Apr 15th, 2015
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This paper explores the need for inclusion of students with special needs within the mainstream education system in order to reduce discrimination.

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Attitude, Legislation, and Litigation(Name)(Institution)Attitude, Legislation, and LitigationThe historical marginalization of people with disabilities limits their chances to equitably participate in basic activities. In some cases, it has resulted in the victimization of these persons within the institutions of learning as a result of psychosocial factors. Some of these factors include stereotyping, negative attitudes, and stigmas. Prior to the 1970s, public education system within the United States did not cater for students with disabilities. They had separate learning in residential institutions or isolated schools. It was until the mid-1970s that human rights advocacy, litigation, and other forms of legislation came into play. The turning point came in 1975 following the inauguration of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act. Since then, a series of legislations have been put in place to integrate students with disabilities within the overall education system. These developments were instrumental in the realization of inclusive education across the globe. Several countries have so far adopted progressive laws that seek to protect the rights of students with disabilities within the education system (Hodge, 2010).According to Winzer & Mazurek (2000), the contemporary special education system has been designed to enable students with disabilities exploit their full potential. These design acknowledges the difference that exists between students wit

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