What is watershed

Apr 15th, 2015
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Dongguk Royal University
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A watershed carries water "shed" from the land after rain falls and snow melts. Drop by drop, water is channeled into soils, ground waters, creeks, and streams, making its way to larger rivers and eventually the sea. The important thing about watersheds is: what we do on the land affects water quality for all communities living downstream.

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Integrated Watershed ManagementWhat is a watershed? A watershed is a basin-like landform defined by highpoints and ridgelines that descend into lower elevations and stream valleys. A watershed carries water "shed" from the land after rain falls and snow melts. Drop by drop, water is channeled into soils, ground waters, creeks, and streams, making its way to larger rivers and eventually the sea. The important thing about watersheds is: what we do on the land affects water quality for all communities living downstream.CHARACTERISTICS OF WATERSHEDSSIZE: It helps in computing parameters like precipitation received, retained, drained off.SHAPE: Different shapes based on morphological parameters like geology and structurePHISIOGRAPHY: Lands altitude and physical disposition.SLOPE: It controls the rainfall distribution and movement: CLIMATE: It decides the quantitative approach.DRAINAGE: It determines the flow characteristics and so the erosion behavior. VEGETATION: Information of species gives a sure ground for selection plants and crops.GEOLOGY AND SOILS: Their nature determines size, shape, physiographic, drainage and groundwater conditions. Soils, derivative of rocks are the basic to greeneryHYDROLOGY: Basic to final goal of growing greenery in a watershed. It helps in quantification of water available.HYDROGEOLOGY: Availability of groundwater.SOCIOECONOMICS: Statistics on people and their health, hygiene, wants and wishes are important in managing water.Wa

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