Trauma care

Apr 15th, 2015
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INTRODUCTION TOTRAUMA CARE - I(ABCDE OF TRAUMA)DR. GEORGE MUGENYAMBCHB, M.MED, FCS (ECSA)INTRODUCTIONTrauma usually refers to the adverseconsequence of a mechanical force on apatient.However a variety of forces can lead to similaradverse effects; including thermal, ionizingradiation and chemical.The management of severe multiple injuriesrequire clear recognition of managementpriorities.The goal of the initial assessment is todetermine those injuries that threaten the.INTRODUCTIONInitial assessment should identify lifethreatening injuries such as:Airway obstruction.Chest injuries with breathing difficulties.Severe external or internal haemorrhage.Abdominal injuries..INTRODUCTIONIf there is more than one injured patient, treatpatients in order of priority (triage).Successful triage requires rapid assessmentand clear thinking.ABCDE SURVEYFirst, carry out the ABCDE survey:AirwayBreathingCirculationDisabilityExposure.The ABCDE survey is sometimes referred toas the primary survey.THE PRIMARY SURVEYIts primary function is to diagnose and treat lifethreatening injuries which, if left undiagnosed anduntreated, could lead to death: Airway obstruction Chest injuries with breathing difficulties Severe external or internal haemorrhage Abdominal injuries.When more than one life threatening state exists,simultaneous tr

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