Self-Control Theory of Crime Evaluation

Apr 16th, 2015
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Write a 1,450- to 1,850-word paper comparing conflict theory to social control theory. In your opinion, which theory does a better job of addressing the occurrence of crime in contemporary American society? Include the following: An evaluation of the effects of positive and negative reinforcement on crime in both theoretical frames Specific examples which support your findings

Word Count: 1450
Showing Page: 1/7
Self-Control Theory of Crime EvaluationNameClassDateProfessorSelf-Control Theory of Crime Evaluation Crime is something that occurs in every society and is the result of a failure to follow the laws that have been established. Crime is a deviant act that occurs for many different reasons resulting in many different theories emerging in criminology to explain the existence of crime. Two off these theories are the Social Control Theory and the Conflict theory. The Self Control theory finds crime is the result of a failure to conform to the rules of society and does not try to explain crime but why people obey the law established in society. The Conflict Theory finds social and economic inequalities cause crime. Social Control Theory The Social Control Theory originated in the 1960's when Travis Hirschi found people choose not to commit crimes due to their ties to society. Hirschi's social control theory asserts that ties to family, school and other aspects of society serve to diminish one's propensity for deviant behavior (Akers, 2004). When the citizen has no ties to society they have no reason to obey the laws and will commit crimes. When a person's social bonds are weakened by the environment in which they live their propensity for crime increases. Social bonds are established when people form attachments to society. Once a child forms an attachment with key people in their environment they will become committed to being a productiv

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