Psychiatry notes

Apr 16th, 2015
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PSYCHOPATHOLOGY/SYMPTOMATOLOGYThis is the study of abnormal states of mind. It is an attempt to understand the disease process of the mind in terms of signs and symptoms including their causes and how they developTwo main schools of thought regarding it1) Dynamic/psychoanalytic- 2) Clinical/descriptive- puts emphasis on phenomenology ie understanding of mental phenomenon in terms of signs and symptomsIt is the objective description of abnormal states of mind. It is concerned with the conscious experiences and observable behaviors and defines the essential qualities of morbid mental experiences. It includesDISTURBANCE IN EMOTIONSEmotion- feeling or response to sensory input from external environment or mental images*Mood- sustained and pervasive inward subjective feelings. The emotional state subjectively experienced by the patient. Its influenced by the patient experiences, expectations and presence of disease. It may be altered by use of psychoactive substances like alcohol and opiates. Examples of variations in mood include1) Euthymic mood- is the normal mood2) Depressed mood- pathological feeling of sadness/low3) Dyshoric- unpleasant mood/foul4) Irritable- easily angered, offended5) Elevated- cheerful, happy mood6) Euphoric- intense elation of mood7) Labile- rapid changes in emotions8) Anhedonia- loss of intense or inability to enjoy previously pleasurable activities9) Apathy- blunted emotions associated with loss of energy and drive *Affect- its somati

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