Psychiatry notes

Apr 16th, 2015
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PREVENTIVE,PROMOTIVE ANDREHABILITIVE PSYCHIATRY What is mental health? WORLD HEALTHORGANIZATION difinitionDefines mental health as a state of physical mentaland spiritual well being in which the individualrealises-His or her own abilities-Can cope with the normal stresses of life- Able to make a contribution to their communityNB-Mental health and wellbeing is a combination ofboth positive feeling and positive functioningMENTAL HEALTH PROMOTION ANDPREVENTIONIncorporates any action taken to maximise mental health andwell beingThis is done among the population and at individual level(A)POPULATIONAt population level promotion influences the social andeconomical factors that dertemine mental health such asECONOMICAL FACTORS-Income; those with low income are prone to mental illness-poverty; eradicating poverty-employement ;creating employement-housing ; provide safe housingCONT SOCIAL FACTORSEnhance social factors that protect peopleagainst mental illness such as- Prevent substance abuse- Provide good antnatal care and safe delivery-Overcome cultural/ religious barrierCONT INDIVIDUAL LEVEL-Practical tips includes(1)Make sure you are getting enough rest- sleep boosts your mental health(2) Feel what you feel- dont worry about controlling or changing your feelingFocus on expressing the feeling that you have rather than trying to feel acertain way(3)Forgive yourself for past mistakes-messing up or making mistakes is part oflife

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