Pathology notes

Apr 16th, 2015
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STAB WOUNDSBY MOKUA STEPHEN AYOTIINTRODUCTION Specific penetrating trauma to the skin thatresults frm knife or similar pointed objectsthat is deeper than it is wider. Most occur due to intentional violence orthrough self infliction. Treatment is dependant on many variablessuch as anatomical location and severity ofinjury.GENERAL MANAGEMENT Can cause various intenal & external injuries. Caused by low velocity weapons meaning injuriesare confined to path it took,instead of causingdamage to sorrounding tissue like gunshot. Most commonly injured-abdomen Intervention-airway,intravenous &control ofhemorrhage. Important to keep systolic pressure above 90mmHgsimilar to treating shock. Focused assesment with sonography(FAST) ordiagonistic peritoneal lavage(DPL) can be used todetermine internal breeding.HOW TO ATTEND TO A STAB WOUND Assess the situation as a whole beforeinvolving yourself i.e avoid making yourselfanother potential victim. 2.If possible put on disposable glooves 3.Check the victims airways before all else.Ifthere`s blood blood present, it will be anobstruction. 4.Remove victims clothes with care.Thisenables you to locate precise position ofwound. 5.Leave stab object in wound if stillthere;pulling it will increase blood loss andpushing it ma cause further damage, 6.Stop bleeding through use of adressing.Apply pressure on the wound withclean absobent material.This will slow

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