orthopedics notes

Apr 16th, 2015
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Fracture Classification &DescriptionK .Lakati ,FCS Orth.Why classify fractures? Classification or description of fractures isonly used when the classification ordescription is useful in providing treatmentor outcomesTypes of classificationsAnatomic descriptionAO classificationSalter-Harris classificationGustillo open fracture classificationFracture specific classificationsAnatomic description of fracturesDescribed in specific orderTypeComminutionLocationDisplacementAnatomic description - Type Type is the over allfracture pattern Examples are:Simple, spiral,segmentalAnatomic description Communition Comminution is the measure of the numberof pieces of broken bone that there are. Examples are: non-comminuted or mildlycomminuted or severely comminutedAnatomic description - Location Location is the anatomic location of thefracture usually described by giving thebone involved and location on the bone Examples are: distal radial shaft, proximal1/3 humeral shaft, intra-articular distal tibialAnatomic description Displacement Displacement is the amount the pieces of afracture have moved from their normallocation Can be displaced or non-displaced Subdivided into 3 sub-categories:translation, angulation, and shorteningDisplacement - Translation Translation issideways motion ofthe fracture - usuallydescribed as apercentage ofmovement whencompared

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