gender and hiv

Apr 16th, 2015
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UNIT 2:GENDERANDSOCIO-CULTURALFACTORS AS RISKS FOR HIV INFECTION.Gender vulnerabilityHIV infections have been spreading mostrapidly among young men and women.More women infected at relatively youngerage than menWomen in developing world are at higher riskof HIV infection than their male partners duetoBiological and sociological factorsBiologicalM to F 2-3 times more than F to M.Mucosal breaks during coitusHigher concentration of virus in semenSociological factors: WomenWomen have no control over their own bodiesMany women and girls lack the capacity to negotiatefor safer sexEarlymarriageencouragedbysomeofsocieties/cultures.young women infected more easily because:Their immature systems are unable to withstand the wearand tear of the sexual intercourseThis causes trauma and bleeding thereby exposing them toHIV.Sex for survival necessitiesprostitutionProtective methods depend on male partner.male condomHigh illiteracy rates.Marriagespouse may have other partnersForced sexrapeTraditional rituals and practiceswife inheritance or wife cleansingCultural practices and pressures prevent women takingprecautions.MenInadequate knowledge about HIV/AIDS.Stigma associated with STIs so no proper care.Having multiple partners culturally accepted.Polygamy acceptedMen can have sex in or out of wedlockM

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