CJS 200 UOP Class Homework Notes

Apr 18th, 2015
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The Prison System 1The Prison SystemCJS 200The Prison System 2The Prison SystemThe prisons and the jails play an extremely important role in our society today. Theprisons and jails of today have changed in many ways sense the eighteenth century, which haschanged the way our penal system functions in our society. In this paper we will describe theimpact of the Great Penitentiary Rivalry on our current prison system along with other aspects ofthe American prison system; also describe the comparison between publically funded andprivately funded prisons and why privatizing prisons is a topic for debate.Prison HistoryIn the early eighteen hundreds the jails were more of a holding cell used for offendersawaiting trials, banishment from a community, debtors, and those awaiting execution. The trialsin these times had very few choice decisions. Offenders were released, whipped and branded, orput to death depending on the charges. This is how things were until William Penn founded theGreat Law in Pennsylvania in 1682. This law was based on Quaker ideals of rehabilitation andhumanity. Instead of torture or mutilations, felons were ordered to pay restitution to theirvictims. The death penalty was still allowed under the Great Law, but only in cases ofpremeditated murder. Pennsylvania would build the countrys first penitentiary in a wing ofPhillys Walnut street jail in 1790. The penitentiary operated under the assumption that work andsilence wer

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