Recidivism a Sign of a Penal System in Crisis

Apr 22nd, 2015
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Recidivism refers to the event where convicted criminals commit other crimes after being released from incarceration (Fitch and Normore, 2012,18). Once individual offenders are released, they get back to crime and are later arrested and sentenced. Such behaviours are increasingly common in most countries, and they are becoming an indication of failure in the penal system. In the United States, Simon Hughes, Minister for Justice and Liberties, described the jail system as a system in crisis (the Guardian, 2014). He claimed that the rates of re-offending cases were as high as 45.2%, which included both female and male offenders within a period of 12 months in 2012. Moreover, those who had served their sentence for less than 12 months had their rates hit 57.6%. Notably, the figures released by MoJ figures shows that the prisons population for both genders stands at 85,000 while the offences against prison staff are still high for the last 8 years, and suicide rates are at 38% (the Guardian,

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Recidivism a Sign of a Penal System in CrisisBy (NAME)CourseProfessorUniversityDateRecidivism refers to the event where convicted criminals commit other crimes after being released from incarceration (Fitch and Normore, 2012,18). Once individual offenders are released, they get back to crime and are later arrested and sentenced. Such behaviours are increasingly common in most countries, and they are becoming an indication of failure in the penal system. In the United States, Simon Hughes, Minister for Justice and Liberties, described the jail system as a system in crisis (the Guardian, 2014). He claimed that the rates of re-offending cases were as high as 45.2%, which included both female and male offenders within a period of 12 months in 2012. Moreover, those who had served their sentence for less than 12 months had their rates hit 57.6%. Notably, the figures released by MoJ figures shows that the prisons population for both genders stands at 85,000 while the offences against prison staff are still high for the last 8 years, and suicide rates are at 38% (the Guardian, 2014). This essay strives to show the crisis in the penal system by showing why the rates of re-offending are high.Problems Facing the Penal SystemIt is becoming increasingly evident that the prison system is in a crisis. Crime rates are increasing every day while the number of prisons is constant, which leads to overpopulation in prisons. As research shows, most European prisons hold an av

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