Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 24th, 2015
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CARE OF COLOSTOMIESDefinition IndicationsTypes of colostomiesCare of colostomiesComplications of colostomyDefinition-Colostomy refers to surgical bringing out, through the abdominal wall, a portion of the large intestine to carry out stool.Indications for colostomies1. Decompress an obstructed colon 2. Evacuation of stool when the distal colon or rectum is removed like in colorectal cancer3.To divert the fecal stream in preparation for resection of an inflammatory, obstructive, or perforated lesion or following traumatic injury;4. To protect a distal anastomosis following resection.Types of colostomyClassification by functionTemporary colostomies - created to divert stool from injured or diseased portions of the large intestine, allowing rest and healing before closure of colostomy and anastomosis of the colon is donePermanent colostomies are performed when the dista

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