Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 24th, 2015
Studypool Tutor
Price: $10 USD

Tutor description

Word Count: 3905
Showing Page: 1/8
CHEST TRAUMABroadly chest trauma could be:a) Mechanical-high or low velocityb) Chemicalc) ThermalMechanical trauma may be further classified as:1) Penetrating2) Non-penetrating -Blunt and Crush injuries3) Inhalational injury4) Aspiration of foreign body2 major forces within the chest which lead to injury are the compression and distraction injuries.Compression results in destruction of vascular structures, haemorrhage, edema and impairment of function. Distraction injuries usually result in shearing forces which destroy the integrity of intrathoracic viscera.Penetrating injuries-61% of chest trauma admissions. Result in parenchymal damage related to track of missile or stabbing, implant used and velocity. Solid structures as the heart and major great vessels suffer more injuries -Most lethal complication is haemorrhage-Often associated with abdominal injuryNon-penetrating injuriesBlunt (acceleration and deceleration injuries)Sudden reduction in speed as in RTA. Aortic rapture as a cause of death on spot is not uncommon.Care should be taken while dealing with the very young or the elderly.Crush injuriesOccurs where the elastic limit of the chest wall and its limit have been exceeded. Patients usually have AP deformity Majority have flail chests, hemothorax or pneumothorax Most has pulmonary contusion. Injuries of the heart ,Aorta, liver ,spleen ,kidney are commonIn "Traumatic asphyxia" syndrome-constrictive forces are applied in wide area for as little a

Review from student

Studypool Student
" excellent work as always thanks for the help "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1824 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors