Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 24th, 2015
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MODULE 5Comprehensive care forpeople living with HIV/AIDSUnit 3HIV/AIDS ANDNUTRITIONOBJECTIVESBy the end of the session: Describe nutrients and their sources Reln. btn nutrition and the immune system The components of nutritional assessment Barriers to adequate nutrition in PLWAs Nutritional support for the person living withHIVNUTRIENTSThese are chemical substances obtained fromfood and used in the body to provide energy,structural materials and regulating agents tosupport growth, maintenance and repair ofthe bodys tissues, nutrients may also reducethe risks of diseases.Nutrients include: carbohydrates, lipids,proteins, vitamins, minerals, water, fiber.NutrientSourcesCarbohydratesWhole grain cereals; roots and tubersProteinsMeat, milk, eggs, fish, legumes,Fats, oils, lipidsVisible lipids; invisible lipidsMineralsMilk, nuts, fish, vegetables, meat, table saltVitaminsFresh fruits and vegetablesFiberSeeds, whole grain cereals, legumes, fruitsWaterWater, beverages, all food cooked in waterUnifying ConceptsGood nutrition is integrally linked tohealthy living for people with HIV infectionNutrition is vital for growth anddevelopment in childrenNutrients are required for immune systemfunctionPoor nutrition may accelerate HIV diseaseprogressionHIV disease may worsen poor nutritionalstatusHIV and NutrientAbsorptionMicronutrient deficien

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