Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 24th, 2015
Studypool Tutor
Price: $5 USD

Tutor description

Word Count: 1333
Showing Page: 1/5
IV. ALCOHOLSA. Structure, classification, and Nomenclature:R Alcohols are compounds of theHRROHOHOHRgeneral formula ROH, where R is any RCCCalkyl or substituted alkyl group. Thegroup may be open-chain or cyclic; itRHHmay contain a double bond, aPrimaryhalogen, an aromatic ring, oradditional hydroxyl groups. Compounds in which a hydroxyl group is attached to a saturated carbon.Alcohols are classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary according to the kind ofcarbon that bears the -OH group.1. Nomenclature: AlcoholsCH3 Alcohols are named byCH3CHCH3 CH3OHCH3CHCH33two principal systems.CH3 CHCH2OHCWith the simpler alcoholsOHCH3the common names areEthylOHmost often used, consisAlcoholting of the name of thealkyl group followed byalcohol.IUPAC Rules, Alcohols:1. Select the longestCH3continuous carbon chain toCH3OHCH3 CH2 CHCH2OHwhich the hydroxyl isMethanoldirectly attached. Drop the-e off the alkane name, andadd -ol2. Number the longestHHcontinuous carbon chain soas to give the carbonOH OHbearing the hydroxyl groupthe lowest possible number.3. Use this number to denote the position of the hydroxyl.2. Polyhydroxy alcohols:OHOHH2COHCH2H3 CHCOHCHH2CCH2OHCH2OHEthyleneGlycolOH(1,2-Ethanediol) (1,2-Propanediol)(1,2,3-Propanetriol)1ClCH2 CH2 OHOHCompounds containing twohydroxylgroups are calledglycols or in IUPAC speak-diols:B. Physical Properties The p

Review from student

Studypool Student
" Wow this is really good.... didn't expect it. Sweet!!!! "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1822 tutors are online

Brown University

1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology

2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University

982 Tutors

Columbia University

1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University

2113 Tutors

Emory University

2279 Tutors

Harvard University

599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2319 Tutors

New York University

1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University

1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University

2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University

932 Tutors

Princeton University

1211 Tutors

Stanford University

983 Tutors

University of California

1282 Tutors

Oxford University

123 Tutors

Yale University

2325 Tutors