Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 24th, 2015
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PERIODIC ABSTINENCE, TRADITIONAL AND BARRIER METHODS INTRODUCTION;From puberty till menopause, women are faced with concerns about childbearing or its avoidance. They are hence faced with several options;AbstinenceContraceptionPregnancyFertility control is one of the most sensitive and intimate decisions made by a couple. This decision is based on deeply held religious, cultural and philosophical convictions.A couple may decide to use contraception for various reasons;Spacing childrenLimiting Policies in certain countriesThe clinician should therefore give clear information regarding contraception citing any advantages and disadvantages while guiding the couple on the most appropriate method.Traditional methods of contraception are among the oldest that have been in use since the pre-industrial times and are still in use today. Some of these methods are;Periodic abstinenceCoitus interruptus or the withdrawal methodPost-coital doucheLactation amenorrhoeaAmong the barrier methods are;Male condomFemale condomVaginal diaphragmCervical capContraceptive spongeVaginal spermicidesKnowledge of these methods is important for their effectiveness. A survey conducted in Kenya among married men and women (KDHS-1998) showed the following findings on

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