Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 24th, 2015
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CAUSES OF MATERNALMORTALITYThe Causes of Maternal DeathUp to 15 per cent of pregnant women in ALL population groups experience potentiallyfatal complications 20 million women each year.More than 80 percent of maternal deaths worldwide are due to five direct causes:haemorrhage, sepsis, unsafe abortion, obstructed labour and hypertensive disease ofpregnancy.Unsafe abortion Severe bleeding Infection Eclampsia Obstructed Labor Other directcauses Indirect Causes**Indirect causes include: anaemia, malaria, heart disease.Source: Understanding the Causes of Maternal Deaths. Distance Learning PilotCourse. UNFPA, 2001.Approximately 5 per cent of pregnant women 7 millionwomen need surgery, most often a Caesarean section, and many are withoutaccess to emergency obstetric care. This unmet need results in 500,000 to 1 millionwomen living with a painful disability.Only 58 per cent of women in developing countries deliver with the assistance of aprofessional (a midwife or doctor), and only 40 per cent give birth in a hospital orhealth centre.Most maternal deaths (61 per cent) take place during delivery or in the immediatepost-partum period. Some 3.4 million neonatal deaths occur within the first week oflife. Why Do Women Not Seek Services? The factors that prevent women in developing countriesfrom getting the life-saving health care they needinclude: distance from health services; cost (direct fees as well as the

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