Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 25th, 2015
Studypool Tutor
Price: $10 USD

Tutor description

Word Count: 2180
Showing Page: 1/38
Dr kibaruDefination Epidemiology Pathophysiology Clinical features Diagnosis Treatment Prevention Calcium deficiency Phosphate deficiencyRickets, a disease of growing bone, occursin children only before fusion of theepiphysesOsteomalacia is present when there isinadequate mineralization of bone osteoid;it occurs in children or adultsEpidemiologyRickets, principally due to vitamin D deficiency In developing countries it remains a significantproblem some community-based and general hospital-basedsurveys among children in Africa the prevalence ofrickets to exceed 10% UNICEF has estimated that up to 25% of children inChina have some evidence of ricketspathophysiologyBone consists of a protein matrix called osteoidand a mineral phase, principally composed ofcalcium and phosphate, mostly in the form ofhydroxyapatite rickets is due to unmineralized matrix at thegrowth plates leading to softening of bones. Because growth plate cartilage and osteoidcontinue to expand, but mineralization isinadequate, the growth plate thickens.This increases bone width at the location of thegrowth plates, causing some of the classic clinicalmanifestations, such as widening of the wrists andanklesThere is a general softening of the bones that causesthem to bend easily when subject to forces such asweight bearing or muscle pull.There is also an increase in the circumference of thegrowth plate

Review from student

Studypool Student
" Very Satisfied. "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1821 tutors are online

Brown University





1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology




2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University




982 Tutors

Columbia University





1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University





2113 Tutors

Emory University





2279 Tutors

Harvard University





599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology



2319 Tutors

New York University





1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University





1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University





2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University





932 Tutors

Princeton University





1211 Tutors

Stanford University





983 Tutors

University of California





1282 Tutors

Oxford University





123 Tutors

Yale University





2325 Tutors