Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 25th, 2015
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NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTSFOR DIFFERENT PEDIATRICAGE GROUPSDr. ApondiINTRODUCTIONAdequate nutrition :sustains all bodyfunctions i.e growth, repairs, protectionagainst disease and energy. These requirements are different in differentage groups depending on the priorityfunction taking place at a given time e.g. anormal infant requires three times moreenergy than an adult to sustain specialneeds for growth.OBJECTIVESnutritional requirements for differentpediatric age groups unique diet considerations for the differentage groups.DEFINITIONSEstimated Average Requirement (EAR): theamount needed to maintain growth,development and to prevent specificnutritional deficiencies. Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA): theamount of nutrients deemed enough tomeet the requirements of most members ofa populationDEFINITIONSThe Average Intake-approximation of theaverage nutrient intake that sustains adefined nutritional state, based on observedor experimentally determined values in adefined population. This value is be usedwhen scientific data are insufficient tocalculate an EAR.ENERGYMeasured in kcal Sources-Carbohydrates-Lipids-ProteinsRecommended composition ofdaily total energy intake:Protein-5 -20 % for first 1-3 years-10 -30 % for 4 -18 years ofageFat-30 -35% at 2-3 years of age;-25 -35% for 4 -18 years of age.Carbohydrate-45-65%Estimated energy needsAge (yrs)0-1Kcal/kg90-1201-7

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