Medicine an Surgery notes

Apr 25th, 2015
Studypool Tutor
Price: $5 USD

Tutor description

Word Count: 1437
Showing Page: 1/28
Module 4:ARV Drugs in SpecialCircumstancesUnit 1 Post Exposure ProphylaxisFollowing Occupational ExposureObjectives1.2.3.4.Describe the risk of transmission of HIV fromoccupational exposures.Describe non-pharmacologic interventionsthat can reduce the risk transmission of HIV.Describe the rationale for the use ofantiretroviral drugs to reduce the risk oftransmission of HIV in this setting.Describe the steps that should be taken in theevent of known occupational exposure to HIV.BackgroundHealth care workers (HCWs) are at risk ofexposure to HIV through contact with bloodand other body fluids containing HIVThrough needle stick injuries and injuries by othersharp objectsOn non-intact skin and mucous membranesIn these settings steps should be taken toreduce the risk of transmission of HIVWays to MinimizeOccupational Exposures to HIVUniversal PrecautionsAll blood should be treated as if contaminatedwith HIV/Hepatitis B & C Use appropriate barriersCare with sharpsGlovesGownsGogglesMinimize blind surgical proceduresAvoid recapping needlesSafe disposal of sharpsUniversal HBV vaccination of non-immune HCWsand at risk groupsRisk of HIV Transmission DuringOccupational and Non-occupationalExposureExposureProbability of disease acquisition(%)Needle stick injury0.0032Mucous membrane(0.32)(0.09)Non-intact skin exposure(< 0.09)Hepatitis B (infectious sou

Review from student

Studypool Student
" Outstanding Job!!!! "
Ask your homework questions. Receive quality answers!

Type your question here (or upload an image)

1831 tutors are online

Brown University

1271 Tutors

California Institute of Technology

2131 Tutors

Carnegie Mellon University

982 Tutors

Columbia University

1256 Tutors

Dartmouth University

2113 Tutors

Emory University

2279 Tutors

Harvard University

599 Tutors

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2319 Tutors

New York University

1645 Tutors

Notre Dam University

1911 Tutors

Oklahoma University

2122 Tutors

Pennsylvania State University

932 Tutors

Princeton University

1211 Tutors

Stanford University

983 Tutors

University of California

1282 Tutors

Oxford University

123 Tutors

Yale University

2325 Tutors