MBchB study guide

Apr 28th, 2015
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DRUGS AND SUBSTANCEABUSEPresentation byRUTH G MWOBOBIAPUBLIC HEALTH OFFICERDefinations Drug-is a chemical substance which interacts with aliving organism there by bringing changes in the way theorgans functions. A substance -is anything that brings about psychologicalor physiological changes in the body and is chemicallyproduced it could be illicit or licit. Dependency-is an urge in a person to take a particularsubstance despite the knowledge of harmful effects. Tolerance-is a situation where a person needs increaseddoses of substance to achieve required effect Drug use- is the use of any chemical substance thatcauses physical, mental, emotional, or social harm to anindividual or to the people close to him/her Drug abuse-using a drug for no medicalreasons on regular basis. Normally thedrug is used to change mood or forpleasure.Drug addiction-is the compulsive use ofdrugs despite the social emotional, orphysical harm they may cause theindividual . It has two components that isphysical and psychological dependency.Drugs and substances commonly abused in Kenya Alcohol e.g. changaa , beers whisky, wine, kumi kumi Tobacco e.g. cigarettes Bangi Miraa Inhalants (of these include Glue, petrol, butane(found inlighters), Methylenechloride- (found in paint thinners andnail polish removers) Hospital drugsTobacco It can be inhaled, sniffed or chewed 90% of cigarette smoke is made of harmful

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