Police influence on society

Apr 28th, 2015
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Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper that describes how the historical development of policing in the United States relates to the current relationship between police and different ethnic groups and social classes. Support your discussion with examples from law enforcement practices, court procedures, corrections populations, or all three. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Word Count: 861
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IntroductionBefore policing took on a formal role in the United States they were just a group of volunteers that kept night watch on the cities and the hamlets. These watches came into existence between 1636 and 1700. These watches were not effective as devices for crime control as most of the volunteer s either slept on duty or got drunk publicly during the watch. Philadelphia was the first to create a day watch in 1833, but this was a system of profit police who were paid a fee to control cri in the area. None of them were employed as full time employees of the government. The constables in the profit policing system had several non policing duties that had to be performed as well.Inception of Police Forces in the United States It was in 1838 that the first police force under the control of the municipal government was created in Boston. This form of municipal police force was created in New York City in 1845, Chicago and Albany in 1851,Cincinnati and New Orleans in 1853,Philadelphia created their police force in 1855,New Jersey and Baltimore created their police forces in 1857,Lundman got their police force as late as 1980,harring in 1983 and Lynch in 1984.Characteristics of the Police ForceThe police forces that had been created in the country had six basic characteristics by which they were distinguished from other forces and the military.They organizations was in the bureaucratic form of organizationThe police forces were supported by the co

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