Sociology-Paper

Apr 30th, 2015
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Strayer University
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Social learning theory of aggression suggests that violence follows observation and imitation of an aggressive model, and a variant of this theory has been invoked to explain terrorist behaviors not as the consequence of innate aggressively but of cognitive moral imperatives. Teenagers living in places of political strife may directly witness terrorist behaviors and seek to imitate them or even learn from their culture’s public glorification of terrorists. Social learning of the acceptability of terrorist violence may also take a didactic form, as in the teaching of an extremist form of jihad in many Pakistani and Palestinian religious schools for young Muslim boys. These schools have existed since the time of Muhammad, but the recent worldwide resurgence of Islamic fundamentalism has led to an increase in their numbers and possibly in the violence of their message.

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Sociology paper-2 Revision NotesChapter 1- Indian ThinkersAR Desai- Marxist- Student of Ghurye- Social background of Indian Nationalism- historical as well as dialectical approach.Pre colonial: Feudal System different from European- Cooperative feudalism- state was taking tax without any measures for the development of it.Colonial: Zamindari system- trade monopoly- destruction of SSI and artisans.Post Colonial: Green Revolution-PRIs-landlessness and Naxalite movement-Policies in interests of the rich industrial houses-12 families and 80% of the industries.Criticism- MN Srinivas Naxalism started during communist government of Bengal-Studied only modes of production, ignoring education, culture, ideology etc- MS Gore Post colonial periods Cooperatives have reduced poverty- SC Dubey on community programmes- Y Singh said Desai directly didnt use Marxism ideas, gave a platform for study of Indian society.MN Srinivas- Structural Functionalist by his teacher AR Brown- Student of Ghurye- field work strongly against book view- founder of structural approach in India- got to field, do empirical study.Caste system-sub caste and sub sub caste system-rejected Varna view of caste system by Dumont-Ritual criteria (food, language, speech etc) and Secular Criteria (education, wealth, power)- Earlier ritual was important, advent of foreigners Secular became important- Dumont was telling village was a myth and caste is the reality, but Srinivas gave important to both caste and villag

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