Apr 30th, 2015
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University of Cambridge
Course: General Education
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The English legal system is called a “common law” system. There are other legal traditions: civil law (origin: Roman law), Islamic law (Shari’ a law), and socialist law. Singapore – common law.

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DAY ONE AFTERNOONThe English legal system is called a common law system. There are other legal traditions: civil law (origin: Roman law), Islamic law (Shari a law), and socialist law. Singapore common law. Common law: Collection of statutes and case lawPrecedents are binding (stare decisis)Developed from Norman customExpanded from the UK into its area of influenceJudges are experience lawyersCivil law:Systematic codification of general principlesPrecedents are only persuasiveBased on late Roman law and customExpanded from Continental EuropeJudges follow a different career pathValue of precedentCommon law: Precedent of higher courts is binding on lower courts (stare decisis)Civil law: All precedent is only persuasiveDAY TWO MORNINGPublic law: Relationships between individuals and the stateVertical relationshipAreas:Constitutional lawAdministrative lawImmigration lawCriminal lawPrivate law:Relationships between individualsHorizontal relation shipAreas:Civil lawCommercial lawContract lawTort lawConstitutional law:Architecture of the stateIt provides the rules that cement the structure of governmentAnalogy with anatomyAdministrative law: Functioning of the stateIt establishes the different functions of the bodies that constitute governmentAnalogy with physiology Principles of public law:Unwritten constitutionSeparation of powersRepresentative democracy only votes for your representativeSupremacy of parliame

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