INTB-3351-Final-Exam-Review

Apr 30th, 2015
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How did the United States beat out Great Britain in establishing and solidifying the “special relationship” with Saudi Arabia? What were the key events? Describe the relationship formed between U.S. major oil firms and American government in the Middle East after World War II.How was the Iranian Consortium a “culmination of thirty years of effort to control world supply” by the major oil companies? What were the obstacles to this effort?

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INTB 3351 Final Exam ReviewWeek 8Study GuideMonday, 10/10On-Line Video: The Prize: Crude Diplomacy (links to streamed clips in Week 8 folder)1. How did the United States beat out Great Britain in establishing and solidifying the special relationship with Saudi Arabia? What were the key events?- September 14, 1939, Americans suspected that there were British anthropologists disguised as bug hunters. US have been relying on the British to maintain stability in the Middle East and an environment in which private companies could operate. US were afraid that the British would use their political connections with the king of Saudi Arabia to push the US Company out. But the British could have gotten the oil if they really wanted to. Instead, the British told Saudi Arabia to take the American money because they dont have any oil there. Fortunately, the American company SOCAL received the concession because they were not a party to the Red Line agreement.-Washington had a fear of an oil shortage, the security and availability of Saudi oil took on urgent significance. In the middle of WWII American government realized that oil was important for military strategy.- Harold Icke encouraged oil companies to help production grow in Saudi Arabia and the government were to not intervene. Ickes sent Americas leading geologist to Saudi Arabia to assess the potential of the new oil discoveries and he declared that the Middle East would oils new center of g

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