Properties of Soil

May 5th, 2015
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Soils vary in their suitability for specific purposes. For example, in Queensland a deep, fertile clay soil is suitable for intensive agriculture but a shallow, sandy soil is better suited to grazing and growing native trees.

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Properties of SoilSoil propertiesSoil depthSoil textureStructureColourSoil pH levelNutrientsDispersibilitySoil organic matter and soil carbon sequestrationPermeability and porosityWater holding capacitySoils vary in their suitability for specific purposes. For example, in Queensland a deep, fertile clay soil is suitable for intensive agriculture but a shallow, sandy soil is better suited to grazing and growing native trees.The suitability of a soil for a particular purpose can often be determined by looking at some of the easily recognisable features and carrying out simple tests. The most common properties used to compare and recognise soil are:soil depth texture structure colour soil pH level nutrient status. Other important soil properties include dispersibility, organic matter and soil carbon sequestration, permeability and porosity, salinity and water holding capacity.Soil depthAn important feature of a soil is that it changes with depth. To properly analyse a soil, it should be examined from the surface to the parent material.Soil textureSoil texture (e.g. loam, sandy loam or clay) refers to the proportion of sand, silt and clay sized particles

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