Critical Thinking-Arguments

May 7th, 2015
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• Argument is a claim put forward and defended with reasons. • Arguments are composed of:1. Premises2. Conclusion• Statement: A sentence that can sensibly be regarded as either true or false. • 2 things about statements

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Crtical Thinking-Arguments [pic]PCR0025Critical ThinkingAll FoundationONLINE NOTESTopic 3: Argumentation Argument is a claim put forward and defended with reasons. Arguments are composed of:1. Premises2. Conclusion Statement: A sentence that can sensibly be regarded as either true or false. 2 things about statements:1. A sentence may be used to express more than one statement. 2. Not all sentences are statements.3. Consider the CONTEXT in which particular expression is used.Identifying Premises and Conclusions1. Premise indicators Since, for, seeing that, in view of the fact that, because, given that, being that, as, as indicated by.2. Conclusion indicators Therefore, hence, so, it follows that, that is why, wherefore, as a result, suggests that, thus, consequently, accordingly, for this reason, which shows that, implies that, we may infer that, proves that. 2 types of arguments:1. Simple2. Complex 5 types of nonarguments:1. Reports2. Unsupported statements of belief and opinion3. Conditional statements4. Illustrations5. ExplanationsReports To convey information about a subject, not to offer reasons why one statement should be accepted on the basis of others.Unsupported statements of belief/opinion No claim that these statements follow from or imply any other statements.Conditional statements if-then statements.Illustrations Intended to provide examples of a claim rather than to pr

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