Anthropology

May 25th, 2016
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Answer the following essay questions completely, using specific examples to illustrate your points. Each essay should be approximately 250–500 words (about 1–2 pages, typed double-spaced with a typical font). Be sure to use proper citations for every idea that is not your own, whether quoted or paraphrased. Before submitting your work, please proofread it for correct spelling, grammar, usage, clarity of expression, etc. 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages to both men and women of monogamy, polygyny, and polyandry and of arranged marriage versus individual choice? Use examples to support your argument. 2. What are the functions of the family around the world? How does the modern, middle-class American family of today differ from the colonial family? 3. Contrast (a) bilateral kinship (descent) and unilineal descent systems and (b) matrilineal and patrilineal descent groups.

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Family Types and FunctionsRunning head: FAMILY FUNCTIONS AND KINSHIP DESCENT SYSTEMSAssignment 3Your Name HereTESC ANT 101Date1Family Types and Functions2IntroductionFamily functions have been changing with changing times. Roles that were meant formen or women only are now being shared among the partners. The change could be as a result ofsuch trends as people practising monogamy or polygamy that further leads to an individualsidentity being traced through the father (patrilineal) or the mother (matrilineal) or both(bilateral). This paper seeks to find the relationships between these patterns of families as well astheir differences.Question # 1The advantages which are attached to monogamy include wealth concentration amongst afew members of the family. It controls the demography in that the number of children per familywill always be manageable compared to polygamy. One is therefore able to provide the best tohis children without having to struggle. In cases where the partners are faithful, it reduceschances of contracting STDs and even HIV/AIDS. However, this form of marriage isdisadvantageous such that if one partner is not viable/ fertile, then the family continuity diessince one cannot add a second wife or husband. Polyandry has such advantages as controlling thegrowth of the population and the family wealth cannot be divided since all the children belong tothe same woman. It can also be seen to foster the economic position of the fam

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